ID:

509484

Durata (ore):

56

CFU:

6

SSD:

FISICA SPERIMENTALE

Anno:

2024

Primo Semestre (30/09/2024 - 20/01/2025)

mathematics of the high schools with scientific curriculum

Lectures and exercise sessions. Lab sessions.

The access to the written exam is given by the presentation of the written report of one lab session.

Serway, Principles of Physics. Brooks/Cole Pub Co; 5° edition (2012)

ISBN-13 : 978-1133104261

ISBN-13 : 978-1133104261

1.1 1D motion: units in kinematics, position, velocity, acceleration, graphical description;

1.2 description of 2D motions: vectors, meaning and their operations;

1.3 measurement of position, velocity and acceleration and numerical integration of the motion laws.

(on the limit of the finite differences to small time steps, on

the use of the finite differences)

2. Newton’s law (single “massive point”):

2.1 mass, momentum and the concept of force

2.2 II law and its integration

2.3 types of forces (macroscopic view and microscopic origin)

3. Mechanical work and energy

3.1 the mechanical work and the kinetic energy (a disclaimer about

thermodynamics);

3.2 Work of friction forces

3.3 potential energy (elastic and gravitational energy), (non) conservation of

energy.

4. Systems of bodies

4.1 center of mass, rigid body and moment of inertia.

4.2 rotational motion, the angular momentum and its conservation;

4.3 Rotational kinetic energy

5. Waves I.

5.1 damped and forced oscillations: resonance;

5.2 from oscillatory motion to a mechanical wave. Description of the propagation of a wave, the wave front, the phase of the local oscillators.

5.3 Period, wavelength, speed, wave vector, types of waves

5.4 Energy of a wave (outline of the wave equation in 1D).

5.5 Transversal, longitudinal waves, sound

6. Waves II.

6.1 refraction and reflection of waves: conservation of energy

6.2 interference of 2 or more coherent waves, coherence length and time

6.3 Stationary waves: analysis of Kundt’s tube and of pipes

7. Light propagation.

7.1 wave front, Huygens principle and light ray;

7.2 reflection and refraction of light, the refraction index, Snell laws

7.3 light polarization, Brewster and critical angles

7.4 prisms

8. lenses and mirrors.

8.1 paraxial lens law: what is an image (conjugate planes)

8.2 composition of lenses, principal planes

8.3 mirrors

9. Diffraction and interference

9.1 diffraction from a single indefinite slit (Fraunhofer)

9.2 interference between discrete sources (Fraunhofer)

INGLESE

Laurea

3 anni

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